How to Stop the Spread of Germs | Health 101
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Health 101

How to Stop the Spread of Germs

There was a time when people got sick and no one knew why. They didn’t know that germs invisible to the naked eye were common and could be passed from person-to-person. But now, we know that each of us can spread germs and illnesses.

The best way to prevent the spread of germs is to avoid being exposed. Still, good health habits like covering your cough and washing your hands often can help stop the spread of germs and prevent illnesses.

 

Read on to learn about steps you can take to help stop the spread of germs to protect yourself and others from illnesses.

 

Take Steps to Protect Yourself

Similar to the recommendations made nationwide during the COVID-19 pandemic, these steps are effective in preventing all illnesses that are spread by germs.

 

1. Avoid close contact.

Avoid crowds and put distance between yourself and other people who are sick. And when you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick, too.

 

2. Clean your hands thoroughly.

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Especially after you have been in a public place, used a bathroom, or after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing.

If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.

 

3. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.

It is estimated that people touch their faces about 23 times per hour1! But it’s important to avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with dirty hands. Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated and then touches his or her face.

 

4. Practice other good health habits.

Staying healthy is more than just practicing a few good techniques when you don’t feel well. It includes getting plenty of sleep, exercising, managing your stress, drinking plenty of fluids and eating healthy food.

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Take Steps to Protect Others

 

1. Stay home when you are sick.

Stay home except to get medical care. And if you think you are sick or experiencing symptoms, call ahead before visiting your doctor. This will help prevent spreading germs to others.

 

2. Cover your mouth and nose.

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. If you don’t have a tissue, use the inside of your elbow. It may prevent those around you from getting sick.

Don’t forget to throw used tissues in the trash and immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

 

3. Clean and disinfect.

Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets and sinks. If surfaces are dirty, clean them with detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/stop-the-spread-of-germs.pdf
Similar to the recommendations made nationwide during the COVID-19 pandemic, these steps are effective in preventing all illnesses that are spread by germs.

  1. https://apic.org/monthly_alerts/dont-touch-your-face/
  2. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/actions-prevent-flu.htm
  3. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prepare/prevention.html

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